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List of cat poisons E - O

Ethylene Glycol

See 'Antifreeze'

Flea Products

Every year, millions of pounds is spent by cat owners, trying to eradicate the infestation of fleas on our cats and in our homes. Most of the products do not cause any problems if use as directed and in accordance to the instructions on the label. However, problems may arise if too much of the dosage is given or an environmental treatment is used on the cat or cat. We recommend only using flea products recommended by your veterinary surgeon and follow the instructions on the product carefully. Stop using if the following clinical signs are observed; Excessive dribbling, vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite, depression and contact your veterinary surgery immediately. You may also wish to gently bathe the cat with warm water to remove the product from the cat's coat and skin.

Fumes

Such as carbon monoxide, wood preservers, smoke inhalation can prove potentially fatal to our cats or cats. Make sure that all appliances are regularly serviced and rooms are well ventilated. Do not leave your cat even for a short period confined in garages or sheds. Also smoke detectors will help with saving your whole families life. Quite often cats are more likely to be at risk due to being left for longer periods in confined spaces.

Clinical Signs: Weakness, collapse, blindness / deafness, difficulty in breathing, bluish mucous membrane (look at the gums, which should normally be a health pink colour) coma, death.

Fungicides

Keep cats way from areas where these substances are being used; make sure they do not have access to open containers of fungicides. Keeping fresh drinking water available at all times will prevent the need for cats to find other sources of liquid to drink to quench their thirst. Keep cats' coats clean and free from any of these compounds, taking care to wash off any detergent used to remove the poison, many cats have been poisoned through licking the detergent/compound used to wash off the original poison.

Gas

See 'Fumes' and 'Carbon Monoxide'

Glue

Many glues will cause a local skin irritation / inflammation if left on the animal's coat. There is also a risk of causing blistering to the lips and gums if the cat or cat eats it. Try to remove any material using water and gentle pressure; do not use solvents, as these may be too toxic for cats. Seek veterinary treatment.

Herbicides

Keep cats way from areas where these substances are being used or sprayed; make sure they do not have access to open containers of herbicides. Keeping fresh drinking water available at all times will prevent the need for cats to find other sources of liquid to drink to quench their thirst. Keep your cats' coats clean and free from any of these compounds, taking care to wash off any detergent used to remove the poison, many cats have been poisoned through licking the detergent/compound used to wash off the original poison. Seek immediate veterinary advice if you suspect your cat has been exposed to any herbicide.

House Plants

There are hundreds of plants including houseplants, which are potentially poisonous to our cats and cats. To list them all would be too numerous, so we have included some common toxic varieties. However the number of reports of actual animals becoming seriously ill from eating plants is more infrequent than form being poisoned by household products or drugs. The best advice is to contact your vet if you are concerned if your cat has eaten them. Preventing them from eating plants when they are young is the best deterrent.

Poinsettias, ivy and mistletoe are dangerous plants and their toxic potential is dangerous, however they very rarely cause signs of illness if your cat eats them.

The Japanese Yew, otherwise known as Yew, Spreading English Yew or Canada Yew is an exotic ornamental plant and it is extremely poisonous. Your cat only need to eat 1/10th of 1% of it's own bodyweight to obtain a toxic dose. The toxin found in the Yew is an alkaloid and will suppress the electrical activity of the heart. Clinical signs include: incoordination, tremors, diarrhoea and collapse.

The Araceae Family, which include the common names: Tuberous begonia, wax begonia, water plant, peace lily, etc are house plants which contain compounds called oxalates. These oxalates can accumulate in various internal organs of the animals bodies which in turn can release chemical into the system which may cause an allergic reaction. Fortunately the plant does cause pain and irritation on chewing.

The Rhododendrons, including lily of the valley, laurel, azalea, foxgloves etc all contain cardiac glycosides, drugs which are used in the treatment of heart disease in humans and animals, digitalis is derived from the foxglove plant. Cats or cats ingesting these plants may be at risk. Signs include: Vomiting, diarrhoea, collapse or possibly death from heart failure.

The Nightshades, including Chinese lanterns, Christmas cherry, ornamental pepper all contain toxins called solanines, which may affect either the brain or the stomach. Different toxins are presenting different plants. Solanines affecting the stomach will produce clinical signs such as: vomiting, diarrhoea, and abdominal pain. Soloanines affecting the brain will produce clinical signs such as increased dribbling, drowsiness, weakness, trembling, difficulty in breathing and collapse.

Human Medicines

Although a majority of pharmaceutical drugs used in the human field are very similar if not the same for use in our animals it is recommended to always keep all medicines prescribed for human and animal use away and out of reach of our cats. Saying this, many medicines that are routinely used in humans are extremely toxic to our cats if given in even the tinniest of quantities. Likewise never treat your animals with medicines prescribed for yourself or other animals in the household. Return any unused medicines to your vet or pharmacist. Seek immediate veterinary attention if you suspect your cat has taken any unprescribed medicines.

Insecticides

See 'Carbamates' and 'Organophosphates'

These compounds will have an affect in disrupting the nervous system; they cause an excess of the chemical acetylchlorine to accumulate in the body, which in turn affects the normal transmitting of nerves. As always, emergency veterinary care should be sought if you suspect your cat or cats have been exposed to these substances. There are also many other compounds used in insecticide, which are also potentially poisonous to our cats, including arsenic, pyrethrins, and chlorinated hydrocarbon compound. Keep cats way from areas where these substances are being used, sprayed or put on bait; make sure they do not have access to open containers of insecticides. Keeping fresh drinking water available at all times will prevent the need for cats to find other sources of liquid to drink to quench their thirst. Keep your cats' coats clean and free from any of these compounds, taking care to wash off any detergent used to remove the poison, many cats have been poisoned through licking the detergent/compound used to wash off the original poison. Seek immediate veterinary advice if you suspect your cat has been exposed to any insecticide.

Kerosene

See 'Petrol'

Laburnum

See 'HousePlants'

Lead

Small animals are occasionally seen with clinical signs of lead poisoning. They can be split into two types of lead poisoning, those who have ingested a large quantity, who will present with relatively quick clinical signs and those who have ingested small quantities of lead over a long period of time. Lead can be found in old toys, painted with older paint containing lead, curtain weights, fishing weights, lead shot, batteries or motor oil/linseed oil.

Clinical Signs: Vomiting, diarrhoea, constipation, pain in the abdomen or neurological signs including, blindness, circling, tremors, dizziness.

Medicines - For human or animal use

See 'Aspirin' and 'Paracetamol'

Although a majority of pharmaceutical drugs used in the human field are very similar if not the same for use in our animals it is recommended to always keep all medicines prescribed for human and animal use away and out of reach of our cats. Saying this, many medicines, which are routinely used in humans, are extremely toxic to our cats if given in even the tinniest of quantities. Likewise never treat your animals with medicines prescribed for yourself or other animals in the household. Return any unused medicines to your vet or pharmacist. Seek immediate veterinary attention if you suspect your cat has taken any unprescribed medicines.

Metaldehyde

Metaldehyde is a Molluscicide used to kill slugs - Slug pellets are very attractive to dogs, Keep dogs way from areas where these substances are being used; make sure they do not have access to open containers and dispose of any opened containers after use.

Clinical Signs: Anxiety, fever, increased respiratory rate, dribbling, spasms and muscle tremors.

Methiocarb

Is a Molluscicide used to kill slugs - Slug pellets are very attractive to cats, Keep cats way from areas where these substances are being used; make sure they do not have access to open containers and dispose of any opened containers after use.

Clinical Signs: Anxiety, fever, increased respiratory rate, dribbling, spasms and muscle tremors.

Molluscicides

Slug pellets are very attractive to cats. Keep cats way from areas where these substances are being used; make sure they do not have access to open containers and dispose of any opened containers after use.

Clinical Signs: Anxiety, fever, increased respiratory rate, dribbling, spasms and muscle tremors.

Mouse poison

Rodenticides are classified according to the their ingredients and the way they act upon their intended target, examples include the anti coagulant poisons, such as wafarin, which acts upon the targets blood clotting mechanism, strychnine which acts upon the nervous system and produces symptoms such as incoordination, seizures, neck stiffness and cholecalciferol which can cause heart failure. See list of individual ingredients. It is recommended to keep all of your cats away from any rat/ mouse poison or bait when it is laid down or stored. Cover the poison over to stop larger animals accessing it. Even if you are advised that the poison is not palatable to cats, beware, our cats have very strange tastes and will consume the most unpalatable of substances. Likewise keep your cat away from any dead or dying rodents as they also may be inadvertently poisoned. Also see individual ingredients.

Nicotine

See 'Cigars & Cigarettes'

Oil

See 'Acrolein'

Organochlorines

See 'Carbamates' and 'Organophosphates'

These compounds are used in insecticides and will have an affect in disrupting the nervous system; they cause an excess of the chemical acetylchlorine to accumulate in the body, which in turn affects the normal transmitting of nerves. As always, emergency veterinary care should be sought if you suspect your cat or cat has been exposed to these substances. Keep cats way from areas where these substances are being used sprayed, put on bait; make sure they do not have access to open containers of insecticides. Keeping fresh drinking water available at all times will prevent the need for cats to find other sources of liquid to drink to quench their thirst. Keep your cats' coats clean and free from any of these compounds, taking care to wash off any detergent used to remove the poison, many cats have been poisoned through licking the detergent/compound used to wash off the original poison. Seek immediate veterinary advice if you suspect your cat has been exposed to any insecticide.

Organophosphates

See 'Carbamates' and 'Insecticides'

These compounds will have an affect in disrupting the nervous system; they cause an excess of the chemical acetylchlorine to accumulate in the body, which in turn affects the normal transmitting of nerves. As always, emergency veterinary care should be sought if you suspect your cat or cat has been exposed to these substances. Keep cats way from areas where these substances are being used sprayed, put on bait; make sure they do not have access to open containers of insecticides. Keeping fresh drinking water available at all times will prevent the need for cats to find other sources of liquid to drink to quench their thirst. Keep your cats coats clean and free from any of these compounds, taking care to wash off any detergent used to remove the poison, many cats have been poisoned through licking the detergent/compound used to wash off the original poison. Seek immediate veterinary advice if you suspect your cat has been exposed to any insecticide.

Clinical Signs: Abdominal disorders, including vomiting/diarrhoea, pain, loss of appetite, muscular tremors / incoordination, increased dribbling, difficulty in breathing, paralysis, convulsions, coma, and death.

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